Scarlet Fever Is Back From 19th Century

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During the Victorian Era, Americans and Europeans suffered through years of scarlet fever outbreak. By the end of the 19th century, scarlet fever is the leading cause of death among children. Scarlet fever claimed one-third of everyone who ever had the disease during those times. And now, it is making a comeback. When antibiotics gained traction in in early 20th century, the disease was strapped down. Scarlet fever was under control, more than under control. The numbers went down the drain, and the cases of death due to the disease plummeted. The past few years, scarlet fever seems to be on a comeback. In 2011, Hong Kong experienced underwent an actual outbreak in the number of scarlet-fever cases. In 2014, both England and Wales was hit by scarlet fever. This year, scarlet-fever cases reached its highest number for the last half of the century. Scarlet fever is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus. These bacteria mostly affect children that are ages two to eight. There are cases that affect older children and even adults. The severity of scarlet fever nowadays is much less dangerous compared to the Victorian era. No death has been reported from scarlet fever in the modern era. It is still worth questioning, why? Why did the scarlet fever return?Like us on Facebook PexelsDiversified Research Finds Statin To Help Low Risk Patients From Heart Diseases Four hundred cases were analyzed and it is found that the strains are similar across the years. However, there are no dominant strains. This only means that the blame is not easily identified nor isolated. The good news, none of the strains that emerged do not show any signs of drug resistance. The fever is caused by Streptococcus bacteria and mostly affects children between the ages of two and eight. In rare cases, older children and adults can catch it too. The outbreaks of the fever today have less severe effects than the ones Victorians suffered. No one, for instance, has yet been killed by the disease. And, yet, its return has baffled scientists. In an analysis of 400 cases, researchers found that the strains of bacteria causing the outbreak are not much different than those found in previous years. There is also no dominant strain, which means that the blame can’t be isolated and identified. Fortunately, the strains that have emerged don’t shown any signs of resistance to drugs. Photo: Pexels